U.S. President Joe Biden addresses a joint session of congress as Vice President Kamala Harris (L) and Speaker of the House U.S. Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) (R) look on in the House chamber of the U.S. Capitol April 28, 2021 in Washington, DC. On the eve of his 100th day in office, Biden spoke about his plan to revive America’s economy and health as it continues to recover from a devastating pandemic. He delivered his speech before 200 invited lawmakers and other government officials instead of the normal 1600 guests because of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.| Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images
WASHINGTON — Standing in the same House chamber where a violent mob temporarily disrupted the certification of his victory, President Joe Biden on Wednesday heralded the country as “on the move again” as he sketched out his expansive vision for a post-pandemic America.
Biden in his first address to a joint session of Congress touted quick results from the massive relief package enacted last month to help heal lingering economic wounds from the pandemic.
But that $2 trillion fiscal infusion is not enough to gear up the U.S. to compete in the 21st century, he argued, offering a sales pitch for a pair of sweeping policy proposals to expand access to education, reduce the cost of child care, and overhaul the nation’s infrastructure systems.
He defended the more than $4 trillion combined price tag of those plans as a “a once-in-a-generation investment in America itself,” likening it to the spending that produced the transcontinental railroad, interstate highway systems, and scientific breakthroughs enabling new vaccines. Those plans would be paid for in part by raising taxes on the wealthiest Americans.
“These are the investments we make together, as one country, and that only government can make,” Biden said. “Time and again, they propel us into the future.”
Biden also gave Congress a lengthy to-do list on other policy priorities, urging lawmakers to pass legislation to:
- Raise the minimum wage;
- Ensure equal pay for women;
- Support the right to unionize;
- Overhaul the criminal justice system;
- Protect the rights of LGBTQ Americans;
- Combat hate crimes and domestic violence;
- Reform immigration laws;
- Lower prescription drug prices;
- Invest more money in cancer research;
- Strengthen gun-control laws;
- Make broad changes to voting and elections.
But many of these items, as well as his $4 trillion in proposals, face long odds in a Congress where Republicans have been skeptical of or hostile toward bipartisanship. There’s also little room for Democrats to lose votes due to their slim majorities controlling the House and Senate.
“Despite campaigning on a platform of unity, President Biden has put forward a tax-and-spend agenda the likes of which we have never seen with virtually no Republican input,” said U.S. Rep. Bill Huizenga (R-Zeeland).
Rep. Fred Upton (R-St. Joseph) added, “Now that the economy has begun to recover, and there appears to be trillions of dollars still in the pipeline from already approved COVID relief packages, we shouldn’t be proposing trillions more in pipe-dream spending that will either dramatically increase the national debt or raise taxes on small business and families.”
Democrats largely praised Biden’s tone as well as his calls for policy action.
“It was a wonderful appeal to America to continue to fight through the pain,” Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.) told a pool reporter. “I thought he had some really excellent calls to action, and certainly laid out a plan for how we’re going to compete.”
Rep. Dan Kildee (D-Flint) said Biden “is driven by results, not partisanship or showmanship. To help families, seniors and small businesses get through this pandemic, President Biden and Democrats in Congress passed the American Rescue Plan. This relief means more money in workers’ pockets, faster vaccine distribution, getting our kids back in the classroom safely and providing support for small businesses. Under the president’s leadership, America is now leading the world in vaccine distribution, with more than 200 million shots in arms.”
A sparse pandemic audience
A presidential address to a joint session of Congress is an annual occurrence. But as with his inaugural speech, Biden’s view from the podium was anything but typical.
Instead of a standing-room-only crowd of some 1,600 lawmakers, Cabinet members, Supreme Court justices, staffers, and guests, there were just 200 people in the House chamber to allow for physical distancing and other pandemic precautions.
All had to wear a face mask, and show either proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test.
The sparse attendance led to a muted but respectful response to the president’s speech. But with fewer lawmakers packed in the chamber, it was easier to spot subtle reactions to certain lines, such as Rep. Lauren Boebert, (R-Colo.), shaking her head in disagreement as Biden gave a lengthy call for more lawmakers to support expanded gun background checks and a ban on assault weapons and high-capacity magazines.
“I thought it was gonna be kind of sad, but it wasn’t,” said Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.). “I thought it was actually a very intimate feeling. … It didn’t quite have that highly partisan, charged feeling like you do when it’s all filled.”
Another change? For the first time, the two officials seated behind Biden were both women: Vice President Kamala Harris, and Speaker Nancy Pelosi, (D-Calif.), who bumped elbows to greet each other at the rostrum.
“Madame Speaker. Madame Vice President,” Biden said as he opened his speech, drawing cheers. “No president has ever said those words from this podium, and it’s about time.”
Afterward, instead of striding directly back to his motorcade, Biden lingered to chat with the mostly Democratic lawmakers who quickly encircled him for a quick comment or fist bump.
Members of Congress who were invited to attend were assigned specific chairs labeled with their names, with several empty seats between lawmakers. According to pool reports and camera shots of the audience, attendees included:
Republican Reps. Andy Biggs of Arizona; Boebert of Colorado; Carlos Gimenez and María Elvira Salazar of Florida; Ashley Hinson and Mariannette Miller-Meeks of Iowa; Patrick McHenry of North Carolina; Anthony Gonzalez and Jim Jordan of Ohio; and Brian Fitzpatrick of Pennsylvania.
Also, Republican Sens. Roger Marshall of Kansas; John Kennedy of Louisiana; Rob Portman of Ohio; and Marsha Blackburn of Tennessee.
On the Democratic side, the list included Reps. Tom O’Halleran of Arizona; Joe Neguse of Colorado; Ted Deutch, Darren Soto, Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Frederica Wilson and Kathy Castor of Florida; Steny Hoyer of Maryland; Betty McCollum of Minnesota; Ann McLane Kuster of New Hampshire; Madeleine Dean and Matt Cartwright of Pennsylvania; and Donald Beyer and Gerald Connolly of Virginia.
Also, Democratic Sens. Michael Bennet and John Hickenlooper of Colorado; Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock of Georgia; Chris Van Hollen of Maryland; Debbie Stabenow of Michigan; Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota; Sherrod Brown of Ohio; and Bob Casey of Pennsylvania.
Some of those lawmakers were seated in the House gallery, where guests of the first lady also typically would have been seated. Instead, first lady Jill Biden held a virtual event Wednesday afternoon with individuals tapped to highlight key policy themes.
They included Javier Quiroz Castro, a doctor and undocumented immigrant who grew up in Tennessee after his parents brought him from Mexico at 3; Maria-Isabel Ballivian, who heads a child-care center in Virginia; Wisconsin gun-control activist Tatiana Washington; and Theron Rutyna, who has been leading the effort to get broadband to tribal lands in Wisconsin.
The Republican response to Biden’s speech was delivered by U.S. Sen. Tim Scott of South Carolina, who echoed other GOP critics in accusing Biden of not working enough with Republicans. “A president who promised to bring us together should not push agendas that tear us apart,” said Scott.
Touting early wins
Biden’s remarks came on his 99th day in office, later than modern presidents have typically given this address.
He described “a nation in crisis” in January, citing the public health and economic challenges, along with the Jan. 6 riot, which he called “the worst attack on our democracy since the Civil War.”
Now, a little more than three months into his term, Biden described the country as making strides in “turning peril into possibility, crisis into opportunity, setback into strength.”
He pointed to early wins for his new administration: more than 220 million COVID-19 shots, and approval of the American Rescue Plan, which passed Congress with no Republican support.
Biden called for building upon that proposal through two major packages of legislation. One is a $2.3 trillion plan for overhauling the nation’s traditional and less-traditional infrastructure systems, which he described as “a blue-collar blueprint to build America.”
The proposal, dubbed the American Jobs Plan, would rebuild roads and bridges; replace dangerous lead water pipes; expand access to broadband internet; modernize the nation’s utility grid; and support and increase pay for caregivers.
He framed creating those infrastructure jobs as a way to hire Americans in roles that can’t be outsourced, as well as linked to the broader effort to combat climate change.
“There’s no reason the blades for wind turbines can’t be built in Pittsburgh instead of Beijing,” Biden said.
The second part of the legislation, which Biden outlined for the first time Wednesday as the American Families Plan, would provide money for universal pre-K; two years of free community college; more affordable child care; a federal paid leave program; and expanded federal efforts to fight poverty.
To pay for it, he is calling for a tax increase on the wealthiest 1% of Americans, which he pledged would not increase taxes on anyone making less than $400,000 a year. His plan also would alter corporate taxes and tax rates for capital gains.
“What I’ve proposed is fair. It’s fiscally responsible. It raises the revenue to pay for the plans I’ve proposed that will create millions of jobs and grow the economy,” Biden said.
Heading off critics, Biden said he and his administration “welcome ideas” on how to shape the details of these proposals, but that disagreement cannot lead to permanent inaction.
“But the rest of the world isn’t waiting for us,” he said, adding that Americans must not “be so busy competing with each other that we forget the competition is with the rest of the world.”
Much of the immediate reaction to his speech fell along partisan lines.
Warnock praised what he called “bold solutions” from Biden, saying he was excited to hear the president talk about “investments to keep our state and nation moving forward.”
“The grace and decorum we expect from President Biden was on full display this evening,” said Rep. Marcy Kaptur, (D-Ohio), saying he “clearly articulated the many successes of his first 100 days and his vision to get the pandemic under control.”
In a video response, Sen. John Kennedy, (R-La.), said he was “disappointed” in the message he heard, which Kennedy said shows “the president believes that government made America great. He is so wrong.”
“There’s just a lot of talk about new spending and a lot of talk about new taxes,” Sen. Rob Portman (R-Ohio), told a pool reporter afterward, adding that when it comes to working across the aisle on issues like infrastructure, “we’ve heard that before, and it hasn’t resulted in bipartisan action.”
After his sales pitch to Congress, Biden’s next step is hitting the road. On Thursday, he’ll head to Georgia for a drive-in car rally, where he’ll expand his public-relations effort on what his administration has done and the proposals they’re urging from Congress.
Before that event, he’ll be making a side stop to visit someone who understands what it feels like to spend 100 days in the Oval Office: former President Jimmy Carter.
Advance Editor Susan J. Demas contributed to this story.
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