Column: The Eastman memo shows how close we were to a Trump coup
President Donald Trump gestures to the crowd while on stage during a campaign rally at the Target Center on October 10, 2019 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. | Stephen Maturen/Getty Images
Eleven months after the election, and nine months after the Jan. 6 insurrection attempt, we are only now beginning to understand how organized, intentional and dangerous the Trump coup attempt had been, and how dangerous it remains.
Take, for example, the events of Dec. 14 at the Georgia State Capitol. On that date, Democratic electors met in the state Senate chambers to formally commit the state’s 16 electoral votes to Joe Biden. The event was ceremonial in nature, yet required under the U.S. Constitution.
Largely overlooked at the time – there was a lot going on – was a second meeting held that day in a committee room at the Capitol, this one convened by Georgia GOP Chair David Shafer. In that meeting, Shafer and his fellow Republicans approved a fake second slate of pro-Trump electors to be sent to Washington, on the grounds that Trump had really carried Georgia and that Biden’s victory was based on fraud.
There was, is, and never will be any evidence whatsoever of that claim, as multiple recounts, investigations and court cases have demonstrated. But as we’ll see, the legitimacy of that fake slate of electors didn’t really matter. What mattered was the ability to claim that the competing slate existed.
We know that because of last week’s publication of a memo from John Eastman, a now discredited constitutional law professor who also served as a top legal advisor to Trump. It’s pretty much a how-to booklet on ending American democracy.
In that memo, Eastman lays out a step-by-step scheme by which Vice President Mike Pence could single-handedly overturn the results of the presidential election and ensure that Trump stayed in office, despite having lost the election. Trump embraced the strategy wholeheartedly, as subsequent events have proved.
As Eastman explains in that memo:
“A ‘majority of the electors appointed’ would therefore be 228. There are at this point 232 votes for Trump, 222 votes for Biden. Pence then gavels President Trump as re-elected.”
They also had a Plan B, and even a Plan C and D.
If their attempt to manipulate the electoral math somehow failed, Plan B called for Pence to then declare that since no candidate had a majority of electoral votes, the question of our next president would be decided by the House, with each state’s congressional delegation getting one vote. The candidate who had the most state delegations would be our next president.
“Republicans currently control 26 of the state delegations, the bare majority needed to win that vote,” Eastman wrote. “President Trump is re-elected there as well.”
And if that didn’t work, if we still didn’t have a president, Eastman writes, “That creates a stalemate that would give the state legislatures more time to weigh in to formally support the alternate slate of electors, if they had not already done so.”
In other words, by illegally and unconstitutionally delaying the electoral count, and putting pressure on Republican legislators to reverse the voters’ decision, Trump wins yet again.
And Plan D? We saw that play out on live TV on Jan. 6, when a mob of protesters summoned to Washington by Trump attacked Congress to try to stop the counting of electoral votes. Even if the insurrectionists couldn’t force Congress to anoint Trump to another term, they could delay the official counting of votes and again give sympathetic GOP legislatures more time to toss the certified slate of electors and replace them with Trump electors. Indeed, even in the midst of the riot, as members of Congress were taking shelter in undisclosed hiding places, Trump and Rudy Giuliani were calling Republican senators, plotting how to delay the vote.
This is not all behind us; it is not merely history.
As recently as last Friday, Trump again called upon Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger to decertify the 2020 election, calling Biden an “illegitimate president” and urging Raffensperger to “announce the true winner.” And in a recent CNN poll, 59% of Republicans said that believing Trump won the 2020 election was central to being a Republican.
Trump is also working hard to ensure that when 2024 rolls around, he has people in place to do his bidding. Under Shafer’s leadership, for example, the Georgia GOP lost the 2020 presidential race in Georgia as well as two U.S. Senate seats, which is an astonishingly poor performance. But when Shafer ran for re-election as party chair, that didn’t matter. “No one in Georgia fought harder for me than David!” Trump announced. “He NEVER gave up! He has my Complete and Total Endorsement for re-election.” Shafer won easily.
Trump has also endorsed U.S. Rep. Jody Hice, who remains a rabid, irrational advocate of overturning the election, to replace Raffensperger as secretary of state. If Hice wins in 2022, he would oversee the 2024 election. Trump has also endorsed state Sen. Burt Jones, who last year demanded a special session of the state Legislature to officially replace Biden electors with Trump electors, in his race for lieutenant governor.
So no, this is not a storm that has passed. This is at best the eye of the hurricane, the deceiving pause before the storm resumes.
This column first ran in the Advance‘s sister outlet, the Georgia Recorder. Read the column here.
Our stories may be republished online or in print under Creative Commons license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. We ask that you edit only for style or to shorten, provide proper attribution and link to our web site. Please see our republishing guidelines for use of photos and graphics.