Advance Notice: Briefs

Michigan Supreme Court rules for state on local govt. and school funding case

By: - July 29, 2021 7:36 am
Michigan's Supreme Court

Michigan Supreme Court, March 22, 2019 | Susan J. Demas

The Michigan Supreme Court on Wednesday primarily ruled in the state’s favor on a major case regarding how the state funds local governments and schools.

The case, Taxpayers for Michigan Constitutional Government v. Michigan, deals with the 1978 Headlee Amendment, the culmination of a conservative movement to cap taxation in the state.

The case involved several issues, with local governments arguing they’ve been shortchanged by the state in funding for years. The Court of Appeals in 2019 partially sided with local governments. A high court ruling in their favor could have had huge implications for the state budget, as the Advance previously reported.

The Supreme Court ruled that the state was properly counting both payments to local governments and school funding under Proposal A of 1994, which switched school funding primarily from property taxes to the state.

In a decision written by Justice Megan Cavanagh, a Democratic-nominated justice, public school academies, also known as charters, are not school districts as defined by Headlee. That part of the case was remanded to the Court of Appeals.

“The Michigan Municipal League (MML) is extremely disappointed by today’s Michigan Supreme Court decision but remains committed as ever to reforming Michigan’s broken municipal funding system. We must reform the way our state funds our communities, and this includes how Proposal A and the Headlee Amendment interact,” said Westland Mayor Bill Wild, who also serves as MML president.

Wild said the MML wants to work with the Legislature and Gov. Gretchen Whitmer on solutions to give local governments “more flexibility and resources.”

Attorney General Dana Nessel called the ruling “a win for the people of this state. Public school funding is about 25% of the State’s annual budget, representing approximately $12-13 billion of state dollars each year. A significant portion of that annual funding was in question in this case – and could have resulted in higher taxes and/or fewer state-level services for Michigan’s residents if the Court had determined the State was not providing enough money to local governments.”

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Susan J. Demas

Susan J. Demas is a 21-year journalism veteran and one of the state’s foremost experts on Michigan politics, appearing on MSNBC, CNN, NPR and WKAR-TV’s “Off the Record.” In addition to serving as Editor-in-Chief, she is the Advance’s chief columnist, writing on women, LGBTQs, the state budget, the economy and more. Most recently, she served as Vice President of Farough & Associates, Michigan’s premier political communications firm. For almost five years, Susan was the Editor and Publisher of Inside Michigan Politics, the most-cited political newsletter in the state. Susan’s award-winning political analysis has run in more than 80 national, international and regional media outlets, including the Guardian U.K., NBC News, the New York Times, the Detroit News and MLive. She is the only Michigan journalist to be named to the Washington Post’s list of “Best Political Reporters,” the Huffington Post’s list of “Best Political Tweeters” and the Washington Post’s list of “Best Political Bloggers.” Susan was the recipient of a prestigious Knight Foundation fellowship in nonprofits and politics. She served as Deputy Editor for MIRS News and helped launch the Michigan Truth Squad, the Center for Michigan’s fact-checking project. She started her journalism career reporting on the Iowa caucuses for The (Cedar Rapids) Gazette. Susan has hiked over 4,000 solo miles across four continents and climbed more than 70 mountains. She also enjoys dragging her husband and two teenagers along, even if no one else wants to sleep in a tent anymore.